Department of Nutrition

The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Grant Game: Methodology

Up to this point, you have seen the four parts of the proposal that precede the methodology. Those parts are the Mission Statement, Assessment, Problem Statement, and Objectives. Each part builds from that preceding it. The same is true of Methodology, which is the fifth part of a proposal.

In this section you will learn how the Methodology relates to the other parts of the proposal and when it should be written. Remember that Objectives are derived from Problem Statements and Problem Statements are derived from Mission Statements.

Methodology is driven by Objectives!

Don’t worry about writing your Methodology section until you’ve completed both the Problem Statement and your Objectives. In your Methodology, you simply want to spell out very carefully how you will set up your program or procedures to reach your Objectives. Remember, you couched your objectives in outcome terms, so it should be easy for you to delineate exactly how you will do things to reach your desired end. Let’s see what happens when the development of a proposal is approached logically from Mission Statement through Methodology.

Mission Statement:

The Agency Services Program has as its goal the complete eradication in this century of the lack of knowledge about the specified service for the school-aged population of Mason county.


The Agency Services Program has served approximately 55,000 children in Mason county since it started in 1925. Today, approximately 65% of the county’s children have benefited from the program and the incidence of specified service ignorance is a low 15%.

Statement of the Problem:

There are 15,000 children who are still ignorant of the specified service, despite heroic efforts of Agency Services Program staff. These children reside in a remote mountainous region of the county. Surveys indicate that these children can be served.


Through Project Service, half of the children residing in the remote mountainous region of Mason County will be enrolled in the Agency Services Program by the end of 2001.


Work with school teachers in region.

  1. Identify at risk children in the area.
  2. Hire special Counselors to visit parents and enlist support.
  3. Equip a 4-wheel drive vehicle to deliver program supplies.
  4. Keep records to document that 7,500 children were served.
  5. steps

That’s it! See how you proceed logically from the Introduction to the Statement of the Problem to the Objectives to the Methodology. Take them one step at a time — and remember to focus on People Problems!

In the Methodology, indicate how you will attain your Objectives or more precisely, how you will help your target group attain the Objectives. The Methodology is determined by your Objectives and is, therefore, written after the Problem Statement and Objectives. What should be apparent is that your proposal is a clearly stated plan for resolving a problem. Although it includes six parts, each builds upon the other parts and directly relates to the overriding focus of your proposal–people problems!

Congratulations! You have just completed the Methodology Section!


This project is supported by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) under grant number T79MC09805, Leadership Education in Maternal and Child Health Nutrition, $223,929, 50% funded by the University of Tennessee, Department of Nutrition. This information or content and conclusions are those of the author and should not be construed as the official position or policy of, nor should any endorsements be inferred by HRSA, HHS or the U.S. Government.

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